A well maintained roof gives a homeowner years of protective covering, but only if it is well maintained. Where do you begin when it comes to keeping your roof in great shape? Everyone who has a home should periodically inspect his or her roof for damage or other problems. Specialists advocate for a roof inspection during every fall and spring season. The most appropriate time for this is during cleaning of the household gutters. During your inspection there are several things that you need to bear in mind. Here are some of the basic residential roof maintenance issues you may find and their potential solutions.

Curling, Damaged or Missing Tiles or Shingles

Depending on how many damaged tiles you see, it should be inexpensive and easy to replace three or four tiles or shingles.  If you are unable to change them it shouldn’t be much more to hire a roofing company to replace them. While the roofing company is replacing your tiles or shingles, they should be able to see if there are other signs of wear and tear.

Signs of Algae or Fungus

Algae and fungus will always cause the roof to rot and create leaks or soft spots. Such untreated conditions will always result in damage to the roof and possibly to the home as well. If any signs of algae or fungus are detected, you should install lead or zinc control strips. Another option would be to pressure wash your roof with a cleaning solution if you catch it early enough. Dealing with algae and fungus is very crucial and very important.

Rust on the Metal

Similar to algae and fungus, rust on the metal parts of a roof creates bad results. Rust gradually eats away the metal parts causing weak spots and holes. If rust is spotted early, you should prime and also paint all the metal areas with a high quality waterproof outdoor paint. You could contact a roofing contractor for recommendations.


The flashing must be thoroughly examined to ensure that it is very solid. If the flashing is weak in an area, remove all of the old caulk around the area. Scrub the area thoroughly to clean it, and make sure it is dry before sealing the flashing in position with fresh caulk.

Cracks on Caulking and Mortar

If any cracks are found on the caulking or on the mortar they should be sealed completely. If not, they might deteriorate to a point beyond repair. Again, remove what you can and clean the area thoroughly before you apply more sealant.


If you noticed any damage to your roof you may want to walk through your house looking at the ceiling.  Look for any water spots or drooping. Roof leaks must also be thoroughly checked out. Some other signs of roof leaks are dampness, which could lead to mold if not treated. Now that you know how to maintain your roof, you’re ready to grab a ladder and keep your roof in great shape to provide years of shelter for you and your loved ones.